Security Exchange News

News By Category: LIBYA

Security Exchange Newsletter | January | Africa

31 January 2020

Jihadist militant groups carried out multiple attacks across the porous Sahel region throughout 2019 and will continue to pose the most significant threat to security this year. Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Chad and Mauritania formed the G5 Sahel group in February 2014 in an attempt to improve coordination and tackle the rise in violence across the region. So far the G5, along with the French-led Operation Barkhane and UN peacekeeping forces, have had limited success in defeating the array of jihadist groups operating in the Sahel. The deaths of 13 French soldiers in a crash involving two helicopters in Mali in November sparked a debate in France about the purpose of the military operation, although President Emmanuel Macron reiterated his country’s commitment to the effort.

Read More

Security Exchange Newsletter | January | MENA

31 January 2020

Iraq & Iran – The fate of Iraq and Iran are inextricably linked, evident in the aftermath of the killing of Iranian Commander Qassem Soleimani. The US airstrikes which targeted Iran’s most senior military official near Baghdad airport also killed Abu Mahdi a-Muhandis, the commander of the Kataib Hezbollah militia and deputy chief of the Popular Mobilisation Forces (PMF). Iran’s immediate response saw multiple rockets fired at Iraqi military bases which housed US troops; it was recently revealed that 50 US soldiers were wounded in the attack. The incidents raised the prospect of a direct confrontation between Iran and the US taking place in Iraq. The government in Baghdad called for the withdrawal of US troops from the country, although this week it was confirmed that joint operations against the Islamic State (IS) group were ongoing.

Read More

Haftar's Power Grab

25 April 2019

The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) is continuing its offensive on the Libyan capital, Tripoli. Gen Khalifa Haftar, the LNA’s leader, said his forces were on a “victorious march” when he deployed them at the start of April to capture the city from the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA). Now more than 260 people are dead, over 1,200 wounded and thousands have been forced to flee their homes.

Read More

The Battle for Tripoli

27 September 2018

On Wednesday a fresh ceasefire was agreed between rival militias in the Libyan capital, Tripoli. The agreement, which was announced by the internationally recognised Government of National Accord (GNA), was reached after days of heavy fighting in the south of the city. Since 26 August almost 120 people have been killed and thousands more displaced in the capital. Under the deal militias from the town of Tarhouna and rival fighters linked to the interior ministry agreed to implement the earlier UN-brokered accord, which was signed on 4 September.

Read More

Dead Man Walking

26 April 2018

Khalifa Haftar, head of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA), is due to return to Benghazi on Thursday and give a speech to his supporters. This development is a surprise to many, given that the 75-year-old former Field Marshall was reportedly in a coma in a Paris hospital earlier this month. There was widespread speculation that Haftar was brain dead following a stroke, while others claimed he had lung cancer which had spread to his brain. The LNA and Haftar’s supporters consistently denied the reports; on Tuesday his brother, Omran Haftar, blamed “abusers and traitors who are promoting the rumours of extremist groups.”

Read More